Colds and cold (cold) are two diseases that have different consequences but the symptoms are almost the same. Although the risk of colds is more severe than cold, both can be prevented from starting from the initial symptoms.
Compared to cold, flu can cause serious complications such as pneumonia (pneumonia) to death. Therefore, the flu must be treated within 48 hours after the appearance of symptoms is the best step.
Symptoms of cold and flu can itch and pain in the throat, head feels heavy and sore, aches, and others. “The average adult catches a cold 3 times each year, each lasting an average of 9 days,” said Jane Sadler, MD, a family practice doctor at Baylor-Garland Hospital, Garland, Texas, as quoted by Health on Sunday. (10/30/2011).
Some ways to prevent the severity of cold and flu symptoms include:
What to Do When New Flu and Colds Appear
A. Once you feel the initial symptoms
1. drink more water or juice
“Drinking more water or juice can prevent dehydration symptoms such as sore throat and nasal congestion,” said William Schaffner, MD, professor and chair of the Preventive Medicine Section at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.
2. Gargle with salt water
To relieve itchy throat, add half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. “Salt can draw out excess water in the throat tissue, reduce inflammation, and clear mucus and relieve irritation in the throat,” said Philip Hagen, MD, chief medical editor at the Mayo Clinic.
3. Make sure the nose is clean and not blocked
Use nasal spray containing saline as soon as the first cold symptoms appear. The results showed that this can prevent the further development of symptoms. In addition, also take a shower with warm water.
B. In the first two hours
1. Buy medicine to the nearest store
Take painkillers such as acetaminophen to fight pain. “Over-the-counter allergy medicines, such as Zyrtec and Benadryl, can help relieve symptoms such as runny nose and watery eyes. Allergy medicines containing decongestants, such as Claritin D or Alavert D, will help clear the sinuses,” Mark Moyar said. MD, MPH, Jenkins / Pokempner director of preventive and alternative medicine at the University of Michigan Medical Centre.
2. You don’t have to take over-the-counter medicines or honey
Honey can be useful for relieving cold symptoms, says Harley Robart, MD, professor and vice chair of pediatrics and pediatric infectious diseases at the University of the Colorado School of Medicine.
This can be done by consuming 1 to 2 tablespoons of honey directly or by mixing it into tea. So you don’t have to take over-the-counter medicines.
C. For the next six hours
1. Get more rest
“The body can fight the virus better if the body has enough rest,” said Janet O’Mahony, MD, an internist at Mercy Medical Centre in Baltimore. To keep from sharing germs, wash your hands regularly or use an alcohol-based disinfecting gel.
2. Continue to balance fluid intake
Continue to drink lots of water, juice, tea, or you can eat chicken soup for lunch.
3. Doing light physical exercise
“Light physical exercise can improve the immune system,” Dr Sadler.
D. The day after
A healthy diet can help boost the immune system, so choose a dinner menu with foods that include proteins such as lean meat, fish, or nuts, oats, brown rice, and many antioxidants-rich vegetables. Taking a bath with warm water before bed. Then sleep with good quality and enough time.
E. The next day
If you still feel that there is no progress or your body’s condition has worsened with symptoms such as fever, vomiting, or headaches that are getting worse, then you should immediately see a doctor. Because this might show that you need antiviral drugs, antibiotics or other medications.