Is it actually healthier green tea or black tea?. Tea can be said as a drink of a million people. Besides being drinkable by all people, tea is also right to drink at any time. Both in the morning, afternoon, evening, or night. Interestingly, tea has various types of variants that enrich its choice. Among them are green tea and black tea. Indeed, what is the difference between green tea and black tea? Are there particular benefits for health?
What is the difference between green tea and black tea?
Both of these teas are from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. The main difference between green tea and black tea is the manufacturing process. Black tea is processed in such a way through fermentation, while green tea only goes through one screening process. Because of the difference in processing, the content of these two teas is also different.
Green tea is known as a strong source of polyphenol antioxidants, especially epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). That is why green tea is believed to have a myriad of good properties to support body health.
Its properties range from inhibiting the development of cancer cells, reducing the buildup of beta-amyloid plaque in the brain in people with Alzheimer’s, giving a comfortable and relaxing effect to the body, to acting as an antimicrobial.
If previously black tea was called through the fermentation process in its manufacture, it was different from green tea. That’s why green tea has a much brighter color than black tea.
No less than green tea, black tea also has a polyphenol antioxidant called theaflavin. These compounds form naturally during the fermentation process and contribute as much as three to six percent of the total polyphenol content in black tea.
The benefits provided are extraordinary. These polyphenols are able to support the production of natural antioxidants in the body; protect fat cells from free radical damage; reduce cholesterol and high blood sugar; and protect the function of the heart and blood vessels.
The process of making black tea is also unique, tea leaves must be ground first while exposed directly to the air in order to optimize the fermentation process. At this stage the active component of theaflavins is produced. This series of fermentation processes causes tea leaves to turn dark brown, accompanied by changes in taste.
Black tea and green tea have the same benefits
Behind the difference between green tea and black tea, both have the same benefits, including:
- Improve brain function
Tea contains a well-known stimulant, which is caffeine which is also found in black tea and green tea. Even so, the caffeine content in green tea is relatively less than black tea. Both types of tea also contain amino acids L-theanine.
The interaction between caffeine and the amino acid L-theanine in tea contributes to beneficial benefits, because it can help increase levels of the hormone dopamine and serotonin related to a better mood change. On the other hand, caffeine will stimulate the nervous system and L-theanine which releases inhibitory neurotransmitters in the brain.
That is why, the interaction of these two components will lead to improved brain function, alertness, reaction, as well as long-term memory.
- Protect the heart
No doubt, black tea and green tea are rich in polyphenol antioxidants. More specifically, both contain flavonoids which are one type of antioxidant in the polyphenol group, although in different types.
However, different types of flavonoids in green tea and black tea are considered good in reducing the risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. In fact, green tea and black tea are also said to be able to reduce blood pressure and levels of “bad” cholesterol or LDL.
- Supports the function of bones and teeth
Black tea and green tea also support healthy bones and teeth thanks to the fluoride content. It’s just that, black tea has a little more fluoride than green tea. Fluoride will later play a role in preventing holes in the teeth by strengthening the structure.
So, which one is healthier?
Although both of these tea variants contain different types of antioxidant polyphenols, the benefits are arguably both good for the body. The only slight difference lies in the amount of antioxidants, caffeine content, and the amino acid L-theanine.
You can adjust yourself to your nutritional needs or health conditions. If you have GERD or gastric acid reflux, for example, green tea can be a better choice because there is less caffeine.
The rest, both green tea and black tea have similar properties for body health. In fact, green tea and black tea can be the right choice if you are looking for drinks containing caffeine that is not as strong as coffee. So that, it never hurts to insert a cup of green tea or black tea as your relax friend.